The Internal Opposition, the 1911 Congress and the Program of the Ottoman Committee of Union and Progress

In 1908, the Second Constitutional Era began in the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) which forced Abdulhamit the Second to call the parliament again and put the constitution back into force had not taken power directly; but established a supervisory power. The Union and Progress had to deal with not only the opposition from the outside, but also the opposition from within, while trying to realize the social, economic and political transformations that it aimed to achieve. The movement of internal opposition became more evident in 1911, and the became more challenging for the Central Committee of the Union and Progress. In this study, the conflict between the Party which was constituted by the deputy members of the Committee of Union and Progress and the central decision-making body, namely the Central Committee of the CUP and in particular the settlement of the problem by the Central Committee, has been analyzed within the framework of 1911 Congress and the Political Program of the CUP. Within this context it can be said on the examination of the Congress and the Political program that the CUP, in an effort to find a solution against the internal opposition within the party, gave up some of its principles depending on liberalism and thus was becoming an authoritarian committee.


Committee of Union and Progress, Hizb-i Cedit, Mevadd-ı Aşere, 1911 Congress, 1911 Political Program

Author : Nizam ÖNEN - & Özer ÖZBOZDAĞLI
Number of pages: 237-256
Full text:
Journal of Academic Value Studies (JAVStudies)
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