Novel is a literary genre above the simple sum of the emotions or thoughts of the author about a particular situation. In particular, everything that affects social life finds a reciprocation in literature, mostly in the novel. From this perspective "Transition to Multi-Party System (1946)" as one of the most important milestones of Turkish social and political life after the establishment of the republic, finds its reciprocation in the Turkish novel, especially in the works of novelists who adopted the Socialist Realistic understanding of art in the period of 1930-1960. The aim of this study is to analyze and evaluate the reasons why Democratic Party was perceived as "hope" for and by Turkish peasants especially during the first years of the party within the framework of "Yılan Hikayesi" by Samim Kocagöz who is accepted as one of the socialist realist Turkish novelists.
Socialist Realistic Novel, Politics, Samim Kocagöz, Yılan Hikâyesi (Endless Story), Hope.